A History of Russian Symbolism by Ronald E. Peterson

By Ronald E. Peterson

The period of Russian Symbolism (1892-1917) has been known as the Silver Age of Russian tradition, or even the second one Golden Age. Symbolist authors are one of the maximum Russian authors of this century, and their actions helped to foster some of the most major advances in cultural existence (in poetry, prose, tune, theater, and portray) that has ever been visible there. This e-book is designed to function an advent to Symbolism in Russia, as a stream, an inventive approach, and a global view. the first emphasis is at the background of the circulation itself. cognizance is dedicated to what the Symbolists wrote, acknowledged, and idea, and on how they interacted. during this context, the most actors are the authors of poetry, prose, drama, and feedback, yet house is additionally dedicated to the $64000 connections among literary figures and artists, philosophers, and the intelligentsia mostly. This wide, certain and balanced account of this era will function a typical reference paintings an motivate extra learn between students and scholars of literature.

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The effort was rather modest in the beginning, and through the course of its existence, the venture was never a highly profitable one. 26 by 1904, Skorpion had brought out works by almost all the major Symbolists and several minor MODERNISM, 1899-1903 43 ones (major: Balmont, Bryusov, Bely, Ivanov, Sologub, Hippius, Merezhkovsky; minor: Dobrolyubov, Konevskoy, A, Miropolsky, L. Zinovyeva-Annibal), in addition to a collection of poetry by Bunin. 28 The title refers to the third watch of the Roman guards, especially the three hours after midnight.

He felt that Russian society was intellectually and philosophically underdeveloped and therefore was not ready to accept these experiments in verse. The most memorable piece in this fifty-two page collection is Bryusov's single-line poem: O cover thy pale legs, which was subjected to ridicule. In VI. Solovyov's review, he again poked fun at "Mr. 35 Despite his mocking tone, however, the philosopher certainly treated Bryusov's efforts seriously enough to help begin the young poet's literary career with these reviews.

12 Though this collection includes pieces by Balmont, Hippius, Sologub, and others, it is not a specifically Symbolist anthology and shows rather that these poets had been accepted more on the basis of their artistic accomplishments than for the novelty of their ideas or style. And though the collection itself is not terribly important, the point that newer authors who stood for more artistic freedom and for stylistic sophistication were accepted as equals is significant. The World of Art One of the major developments that served to give Symbolism a more prominent position in Russian cultural life occurred shortly before the new year of 1899: the founding of the World of Art group in Petersburg and the publication of the first issue of its eponymous journal, Mir Iskusstva {World of Art), in November 1898.

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