A Transatlantic History of the Social Sciences: Robber by Christian Fleck

By Christian Fleck

From the start of the 20th century, clinical and social medical study has been characterised via highbrow trade among Europe and the U.S.. The institution of the 3rd Reich ensured that, from the German talking global, not less than, this turned a one-way site visitors. during this ebook Christian Fleck explores the discovery of empirical social study, which through 1950 had develop into the binding norm of foreign scholarship, and he analyses the contribution of German refugee social scientists to its institution. the key names are right here, from Adorno and Horkheimer to Hirshman and Lazarsfeld, yet on the center of the publication is a different collective biography in keeping with unique info from greater than 800 German-speaking social scientists. released in German in 2008 to nice acclaim, Fleck's vital research of the transatlantic enrichment of the social sciences is now on hand in a revised English-language variation.

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Extra resources for A Transatlantic History of the Social Sciences: Robber Barons, the Third Reich and the Invention of Empirical Social Research

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A non-intended side-effect of small social universes is that they generally lack a body that represents the interests of disciplines still in the making. The associations of German physicians and jurists, but also the Deutscher Historikerverband (German Historical Association), were founded because of, among other reasons, the growing numbers of members of these professions. 13 This absence of a professional or trade organization was also one of the reasons that prevented the emergence of an exchange of ideas among colleagues who were not personally acquainted.

37 A Transatlantic History of the Social Sciences Hardly anybody will deny that after the Second World War, the United States became a world power on the military as well as the political level – and that, at the end of the century, it was the only one left. Most commentators date the ascent of the American science empire to this period as well. With respect to top achievements, as reflected, for example, by the number of Nobel Prize laureates, this is no doubt true. But on the level of institutions, the American science system was superior to the European one even in the interwar period.

A new ‘professor’ is not recruited by the holder of a chair but by the head of the department, for whom the potential appeal to students of the education offered is a factor to be reckoned with when he composes his team. The result very often is that a wider range of orientations is represented within a field. Thus, this system allows for more diversity in the composition of a faculty than the Teutonic system does, where the obligatory first step for whoever wanted to engage in a scientific career was (and in many places doubtless still is) to be recruited as an assistant by one of the established faculty members, and according to this member’s personal preferences.

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