By Lionel Fanthorpe, Patricia Fanthorpe
It all started innocently sufficient ... in 1795 3 boys chanced on the pinnacle of an acient shaft on uninhabited Oak Island in Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia. the lads started to dig, and what they exposed began the world's maximum and stangest treasure hunt. 2 hundred years of braveness, back-breaking attempt, ingenuity, and engineering talents have to this point did not retrieve what's hid there. The Oak Island curse prophesies that the treasure aren't discovered until eventually seven males are useless and the final oak has fallen. That final oak has already long gone - and through the years, six treasure hunters were killed. What can the treasure be? Theories contain Drake's plate and jewels, Captain Kidd's bloodstained pirate gold, a military payroll left there for security via the French or British army engineers, worthy historic manuscripts, the physique of an Arif or different spiritual refugee chief, the misplaced treasure of the Templars, and a part of the traditional, semi-legendary Acadian Treasure associated with the secret of Glozel and Rennes-le-Chateau in France. After years of analysis the authors have ultimately solved the sinister riddle of Oak Island, yet their resolution is hard, debatable and traumatic. anything past rate nonetheless lies ready within the labrinth.
By Janet Muller (auth.)
By Evan H. Potter
By Herbert Obinger, Stephan Leibfried, Francis G. Castles
Ten specialists query winning perspectives that federalism consistently inhibits the expansion of social unity. Their comparative learn of the evolution of political associations and welfare states within the six oldest federal states--Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, the U.S.--reveals that federalism can facilitate and bog down social coverage improvement. improvement is contingent on numerous time-dependent elements and this learn means that federalism may very well shield the welfare kingdom, and welfare states might improve nationwide integration.
By Roberto Perin
In the 3 a long time after Confederation, an competitive Anglo-Saxon nationalism struggled to imprint its cultural version at the rising Canadian country. It used to be countered by way of a protective French-Canadian nationalism mainly articulated by way of a majority in the Roman Catholic clergy. during this examine Roberto Perin explores the position of the Vatican during this fight, and within the political, spiritual, and cultural lifetime of Canada in this period.
By R. Brian Howe, David Johnson
"Restraining Equality" addresses the modern monetary, social, criminal, and coverage pressures at present skilled by way of human rights commissions throughout Canada. via a mixture of public coverage research, ancient study, and felony research, R.Brian Howe and David Johnson hint the evolution of human rights coverage inside of this nation and discover the stresses put on human rights commissions as a result of larger economic restraints and society's emerging expectancies for equality rights over the last decades.
The authors examine assets of those tensions with regards to the supply of equality rights in either federal and provincial jurisdictions because the moment global battle. via a chain of interviews with human rights fee officers and a survey of advocacy teams, enterprise agencies, and human rights employees the authors discover the functionality and the interior workings of those. Howe and Johnson additionally examine human rights commissions in gentle of the theoretical literature and empirical facts, and speak about the political and felony contexts within which the commissions function, and the reform measures which were implemented.
By Norman Ravvin
Concentrating on the best way Jewish background - rather the Holocaust - and culture tell postwar Canadian and American Jewish literature, this article deals readings of the works of influential writers akin to Saul Bellow, Leonard Cohen, Eli Mandel, Mordecai Richler, Chava Rosenfarb, Philip Roth and Nathaneal West. Norman Ravvin highlights the worries that those disparate writers proportion as Jewish writers in addition to locations their paintings within the context of the wider traditions of mulitculturalism, postcolonial writing, and demanding thought.
By Robert O. Matthews, Cranford Pratt
The development published is certainly one of planned ambiguity. On a few concerns and in a few boards, Canada has acted vigorously to advertise human rights the world over, as within the United international locations Human Rights fee, the United international locations Committee on Human Rights, and the convention on safeguard and Cooperation in Europe. Canada has been less forceful approximately human rights in dealings with the overseas Labour association and has nearly thoroughly missed this factor because it pertains to foreign monetary associations. Canada has been outspoken concerning the violation of rights in nations governed by means of communist regimes, whereas hesitation and ambiguity are a function of Canadian regulations towards South Africa and critical the United States, in addition to in lending rules to foreign monetary associations, Canadian improvement advice, and Canadian hands revenues. every one of those components is tested in Human Rights in Canadian international coverage. Canada is such a lot energetic on problems with human rights whilst the rights in query are civil and political instead of monetary and social, and whilst the offending regime is lower than Soviet instead of American impression. The individuals comprise: Frances Arbour, Victoria Berry, John W. Foster, Rhoda E. Howard, Kalmen Kaplansky, T.A. Keenleyside, Allen McChesney, Ronald Manzer, Robert O. Matthews, Stefania Szlek Miller, Cathal J. Nolan, Kim Richard Nossal, Cranford Pratt, Renate Pratt, Ernie Regehr, and H. Gordon Skilling.
By Jo Fraser Jones
In 1889, Alice Barrett moved west from Ontario to the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia to maintain residence for her brother and uncle. She quickly married Harold Parke, a former army officer, and recorded her reviews in a sequence of notebooks.
Few women’s diaries have survived from that point, and Parke remembers a interval of profound transformation in a area newly opened to white payment by means of the railway. She used to be an astute observer and a very good author, and her diaries supply worthwhile insights into paintings, overall healthiness, faith, race and gender kin, and women’s lives. She used to be a part of the circle of the Countess of Aberdeen, who stayed at close by Coldstream Ranch, and have become the 1st corresponding secretary of the Vernon bankruptcy of the nationwide Council of ladies.
By Norman Hillmer