By Greg Dawson
From the writer of Hiding within the Spotlight, the tale of the Kharkov trials, forgotten via heritage, which sought justice for the millions killed the Ukraine, a spot additionally neglected within the annals of the Holocaust.
When one thinks of the Holocaust, we expect of Auschwitz, Dachau; and once we reflect on justice for this bad bankruptcy in historical past, we predict of Nuremberg. now not of Russia or the Ukraine, and positively now not of a urban referred to as Kharkov. yet actually, the 1st war-crimes trial opposed to the Nazis used to be during this idyllic, peaceable Ukrainian urban, that's becoming, since it is usually the place the Holocaust truly begun. Eighteen months sooner than the tip of worldwide conflict II—two complete years prior to the outlet assertion by means of the prosecution at Nuremberg—three Nazi officials and a Ukrainian collaborator have been attempted and convicted of battle crimes and hanged in Kharkov’s public sq.. The trial is symbolic of the bigger omission of the Ukraine from the preferred historical past of the Holocaust—another deep irony, as lots of the first of the six million perished within the Ukraine lengthy prior to Hitler and his lieutenant seven selected the formalities of the ultimate resolution.
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Extra resources for Judgment Before Nuremberg: The Holocaust in the Ukraine and the First Nazi War Crimes Trial
Heretics and other dissidents, as well as Jews, were to become targets of the militant zeal generated by the preachers of the Crusades, whose logic that the cause justifies the kill, still operates today. Numerous Jewish communities were attacked during the first Crusade, but only those of Worms, Mainz, and Cologne were objects of attempted extermination. The Crusaders enlisted the familiar afortiori logic - why fight the enemies of the Lord abroad when his murderers dwell in our midst? This logic turned the dominant religious impulse of the Crusade, that of making armed pilgrimage, against the Jews.
But the blood libel, which is really a charge of ritual cannibalism, had no connection with any historical reality, and was impervious 10 rational objection. It was based on nothing but fantasy . No one has ever seen a Jew drinking blood, nnd there are no recorded reports of such acts in the New Testament or the writings o f the Church Fathers. No Christian theologian had ever accused Jews of drinking blood; and Judaism has a taboo against blood, especially that of humans. The earliest 'blood libel', as distinct from 'ritual murder' charge.
The accelerated pace of change in the eleventh century resulted in the emergence of a papal charter for the Jews, the so-called Constitutio pro judaeis. First issued by Pope Nicholas II in 1061 and renewed by numerous successors, such papal charters became standard practice during the twelfth century. They warned Christians 18 Paths to Genocide: Antisemitism in Western History not to kill or maim Jews, or to take their money illegally, or to abolish the 'good customs' enjoyed by Jews. There was to be no forced baptism of Jews, no desecration of Jewish cemeteries or exhumation of bodies for purposes of extortion, and no interference with Jewish festivals.